Global Health Importance
The health of a particular country’s population can be affected by health threats from without its boundaries. The recent examples of this include the Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome epidemic in the year 2003 and the spread of H1N1 influenza in 2009. This means that improving global health can greatly improve in individual countries across the world. Improved global health supports both national and global security interests by encouraging diplomacy, political stability and economic expansion worldwide. Generally, global health can be enhanced via global disease detection, response, prevention and finally control strategies. It is therefore the concern of every individual worldwide to ensure that health challenges are addressed.
Global health plays a vital goal in global security and the security of individual nations. Notably, the world and its economies have become more globalized especially in the field of commerce and international travel. It is therefore very necessary to perceive global health in a global perspective. There are always reports about the emergence or re-emergence of a disease or other health threats across the word. Countries should enhance a global capacity for responding to the threats of an infectious disease. The governments of these particular countries should always take a leadership role in order to promote a comprehensive, global disease surveillance system.
Global health perspective is also important because diseases do not respect boundaries. A good example of this is Human immunodeficiency virus famously HIV has increasingly spread worldwide. The virus was only reported in some few countries in the 1980’s but it now present in every country in the world. The number of those affected have been declining over the past few years. This is attributed to coming together of nations around the globe to try and curb the disease. Today, a person with tuberculosis can easily spread the disease wherever they are. Another example is the West Nile Virus which initially was reported in Egypt but it has now spread worldwide. This shows clearly that global health should be a key priority so as to reduce or eliminate the existence of some of these diseases in the world population.
Global health has an ethical dimension in that developed countries are concerned with the health and well-being of people in less developed countries. It is disturbing to learn that children in poor countries are increasingly becoming sick and dieing as a result of malnutrition or suffering from diseases that are curable and preventable. On the other hand, many adults in these poor countries also die due to lack of access to proper medical health that is in abundance in developed countries. World Health Organization is a global health organization that aims at solving these problems in poor countries. The organization provides funds for various medical researches across the world. The organization also donates funds as well foodstuffs to populations that suffer health problems around the globe. Almost every nation in the globe is a member of this organization considering its importance.
Social and economic development is closely linked to health in the world today. The world is increasingly becoming interdependent and therefore, health should be dealt with in a global context. In this case, most children who suffer from malnutrition especially in developing countries normally drop out of school. This means that these children do not reach their potential and full mental capacity. Furthermore, sick children from developing countries eventually do not become productive adults. This results in reduced economic growth and development in these countries. Nevertheless, with global health perspective, these problems are eradicated and thus economic development will be achieved globally. The international community can intervene in these cases by ensuring that the health of individuals is improved for them to directly contribute in the process of nation building.
According to a recent study, the world has made encouraging progress as far as improving human health is concerned. The study reveals that since 1950, mortality rate of children under the age of 5 has declined from 148 deaths per every 1000 deaths to 65 deaths per every 1000 children. The study further says that the life expectancy in most developing countries has arisen from 48 years to 69 years. More importantly, smallpox disease has been successfully eradicated while polio has nearly been eliminated. This means that the study of global health gives a good understanding of the progresses made in addressing the global health problems and challenges.
For more information: World Health Organisation