Rash from dry skin
A skin rash (exanthema) is a skin change that usually occurs over a large area in a certain area and appears reddish or brownish. Rashes are often caused by dry skin.
Often times, a defective skin barrier is to blame for the dryness. The skin cannot compensate for the lack of moisture with liquids or fats (lipids). Fats are produced by the sebum glands in the skin. If the skin is dry, for example because it lacks the right care, it becomes dry, cracked or flaky and can then become infected more easily. This usually creates an itchy rash.
The skin tends to get dry, especially in the cold winter months. Therefore, particular attention should be paid to adequate care of the skin with moisturizers. However, autoimmune diseases such as neurodermatitis can also cause the skin to be fundamentally dry and cause a rash to develop more quickly.
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Causes of Dry Skin
Why one person is more prone to dry skin and another not is probably down to genes. If there is a tendency towards dry skin, the development of dry skin can be promoted by the wrong lifestyle (drinking and eating habits), the wrong care (too frequent hand washing, not applying lotion) or even by the weather (winter months). Also, dry skin is more likely to develop a rash. Other factors that can cause dry skin and a rash are an internal lack of fluids, an unbalanced diet or psychological stress.
In addition, the skin tends to become dry and cracked with age. This can make itching and rash easier to develop. A lack of fluids can occur during gastrointestinal flu, for example. In this disease, diarrhea (Diarrhea) Fluid lost.
In general, skin diseases such as neurodermatitis, contact eczema, psoriasis (psoriasis) or ichthyoses with severe skin dryness and a rash. These skin diseases often show up in childhood and are usually also subject to a genetic disposition.
Patients with an underactive thyroid (Hypothyroidism) sufferers are also often affected by dry skin prone to rashes.
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The psyche affects the skin
Stress, anger and fear can also affect the skin dryness, Rash and itching to make noticable.
For example, constant stress weakens it immune system and thus also the skin, since protective mechanisms can no longer function properly and the skin can no longer fully fulfill its task.
A skin reaction can be observed in particular in people who already suffer from dry skin. This includes in particular the patients with skin diseases such as Neurodermatitis or psoriasiswho often have a rash in Stressful situations triggered or worsened faster.
Furthermore can also mental illness such as Obsessive-compulsive disorderwho are forced to wash, for example, cause dry skin and a rash. The skin is damaged by constant washing. As a result, the protective barrier no longer works. The skin dries out, itches, and becomes inflamed.
Diagnostics for dry skin
To treat the dry skin and rash, a diagnosis must be made by the family doctor or dermatologist. The doctor can go through targeted question Estimate beforehand what caused the rash or dry skin.
Then follows a Inspection of the rash. Not only the appearance of the rash but also its location on the body can give the doctor information about the cause or the underlying disease. To a bacterial or viral disease, which can also trigger a rash, cannot be overlooked Scanned lymph nodes.
Usually the doctor also looks into the throat and measures fever. A Blood collection. In some cases it is necessary smear to make or a Skin sample (Biopsy) of the affected skin areas.
Concomitant symptoms of dry skin
The most common accompanying symptom of dry skin and rash is a severe itching. This can sometimes be so strong that the skin scratched bloody will and still more inflamed.
In addition, with allergic skin rashes but also with neurodermatitis or hypothyroidism Swelling of the subcutaneous tissue (Angioedema) occur. These are mostly found on the face, hands or feet.
Is the dry skin and the rash due to stress other physical symptoms of stress can also occur. Often there is one Affecting the gastrointestinal tract With Exchange chairs (alternating diarrhea and constipation), nausea or Vomit.
Will the dry skin by a Hypothyroidism triggered, many different symptoms can occur. These include weight gain, tiredness, listlessness, sensitivity to cold, poor memory, brittle hair and nails, hoarseness, permanent constipation (chronic constipation) and much more.
Red spots associated with dry skin
Red stain Most of the time, inflammation on the skin is known as a rash. The red spots can be caused by various causes. Since the protective barrier does not work properly with dry skin, it is more prone to Infections. Hence can bacteria, Viruses and Mushrooms more easily penetrate the skin and cause infection and ultimately red spots on the skin.
But also with skin diseases like Neurodermatitis, hives, psoriasis and also acne red spots may appear on the skin. The diseases usually go along with the red spots (except for acne) dry skin hand in hand.
The so-called Rose blossom (rosacea) is through red spots on the skin and visible, dilated veins on the face marked. The cause of the disease is not clear. Those affected often suffer from rosacea in the early stages dry skin. Here, too, the skin of the face can become inflamed more easily and cause a rash.
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Treating a rash on dry skin
In general, the proper skin care and a sufficient daily drinking amount Care should be taken to prevent dry skin and the subsequent rash. You should also generally - especially with diseases such as psoriasis and neurodermatitis - on waived hot bathing become.
The skin should not be rubbed dry after bathing or showering, but rather dabbed off or better yet, if the time is there air dried become. Dry skin should also daily with suitable creams to be cared for. Attention must be paid to the sensitivity and tolerance of the skin. Products that contain fragrances, preservatives or colorings should be avoided as these can cause a rash.
If the dry skin and rash are caused by an underactive thyroid, this should be included Thyroid hormones (L-thyroxine) be treated.
When skin conditions like Neurodermatitis or psoriasis dry skin and rash are the cause, in most cases lifelong therapy is required. Since these disorders occur in flares, the rash often needs a prescription Cortisone creams be treated. If the psoriasis is very pronounced, also exist new drug treatment methodswhich should be discussed individually with the attending physician. In general, a rash that does not go away on its own after a few days should be checked by a doctor and treated accordingly.
How long does the dryness of the skin last?
In most cases - especially with appropriate treatment and care - the rash disappearscaused by dry skin after a few days.
Patients with psoriasis have partially permanent (Chronic) dry skin areas. These scaly-dry and reddish spots are mainly on Elbow extensor side, Kneel and Scalp and can be more or less inflamed alternately.
With neurodermatitis, too, those affected have to expect skin that is constantly prone to dryness and that is reddened and irritated in bouts. The rash rarely curbs itself and then in most cases has to Cortisone be treated. When treatment is done, it mostly shows up an improvement in a few days.
Rash from dry skin on the face
The aforementioned causes of dry skin and rash can all appear on the face as well.
Most of all, however, dry skin and a rash on the face are manifest Neurodermatitis. Here are above all Forehead and cheeks affected. In addition to the dryness of the skin show up above all Redness, fluid-filled blisters (Vesicle), Nodules (Papules) and open and oozing skin areas (Erosions). There is also a severe itching.
Also the one already mentioned Rosacea e.g.especially on the forehead, nose, chin and cheeks.
Dry facial skin can be more easily infected by viral and bacterial germs and cause a rash if the immune system is weak. If the immune system and the skin barrier are weakened, so can Fungal infections cause a rash on your face. For example, the Candida fungusthat lives in the mouth and is actually harmless with healthy skin and an intact immune system immunodeficiency and dry skin one Rash in and around the mouth trigger.
Another skin disease that usually occurs around the mouth and eyelids, but can also appear in the rest of the face, is the so-called "Stewardess Disease" (perioral dermatitis). This is characterized by dry skin that becomes infected and shows up as small red spots and pimples around the mouth and eyelids. It is believed that the disease is caused by a excessive care of the skin arises. As a result, it is no longer able to produce fats and moisture independently, it dries out and can become infected more easily. Since there are several possible triggers for a rash on the face, a doctor should be seen who will examine, assess, and treat the rash appropriately.
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Dry skin rash in young child
In children and toddlers, too, dry skin - especially in the winter months - can develop more easily due to incorrect or missing care. Here, too, the skin becomes cracked, itchy and can become inflamed and develop a rash. Allergies to clothing or food often show up in childhood and can be accompanied by a rash.
Neurodermatitis (atopic dermatitis) often occurs in childhood. Dry skin and severe itching develop. The rash usually appears on the flexor sides near the joint (elbow, hollow of the knee) and on the back of the hand, but it can also occur anywhere on the body.
Children, who generally suffer from dry skin, can also develop rashes on the body caused by infectious diseases such as scarlet fever, rubella or chickenpox. Therefore, in children with a rash, attention should be paid to accompanying symptoms such as fever, chills, sore throat and other common cold symptoms. Since it is important to find out what caused the rash, the doctor should be consulted.
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Dry skin rash in baby
In babies, dry skin can develop quickly with inadequate or improper care. Since that Immune systems not yet strong in babies is pronounced, the sensitive skin can then become infected even more easily. The so-called Cradle cap shows through very itchy nodules in the Head and neck area. Sometimes this is accompanied by fluid-filled bubbles. On the one hand, the cradle cap can disappear again.
On the other hand, it can also be a preliminary stage of a atopic dermatitis represent. In these cases it shows itself mainly through dry skin and Rash on the face, at the head and on the Extensor sides of the arms and legs. If a rash is observed in the baby, a doctor should be seen so that they can identify a possible cause and treat the condition appropriately.
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Rash from dry skin during pregnancy
One occurs during pregnancy Hormonal changes in the female bodys. In some pregnant women, this change leads to dry, flaky or increasingly blemished skin. It can new intolerancesleading to rash. It also often happens during pregnancy Water retention under the skinthat draw fluid from the skin. As a result, it becomes dry, tight and itchy. The skin can then become inflamed and infected more easily.
Dry skin and rash can persist allergic reaction against clothing, care products or detergents that were previously tolerated without any problems. The skin needs special care due to heavy stress during pregnancy and should therefore through well-tolerated, moisturizing creams are supplied.
There too serious infectious diseases Skin dryness and rash can be the cause of a rash that suddenly develops inexplicably from a doctor. The doctor can also give tips on how to properly care for the skin during pregnancy if you are uncertain about care.
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