The temporal muscle is the strongest jaw closer of the masticatory muscles. This Skeletal muscle works together with the Masseter muscle and the inner wing muscle, to the jaw to close and also pushes it backwards (so-called Retrusion movement).
Approach: Lower jaw (Mandibular coronoid process)
Origin: Temporal fossa (lateral surface on the skull)
Innervation: Nervi temporales profundi from the Mandibular nerve
The temporal muscle closes together with the Masseter muscle and the inner wing muscle the jaw. In addition, he can move the lower jaw backwards.
The temporal muscle plays a role in diseases and malpositions of the Temporomandibular joint such as the craniomandibular dysfunction. You will also find further complaints of the temporomandibular joint here.