Torn ligament on the ankle

Causes that lead to a torn ligament

Torn ligament on the ankle

The external ligament consists of three different parts of the ligament that connect the tip of the external malleolus to the Heel bone (Calcaneus) and the Ankle bone (Talus) connect.

For the detailed structure of the foot, please also see our page on foot.

Most often they tear Outer bands (Torn ankle ligaments) in young adults. Older people are more likely to have a fracture of the outer ankle (Outer ankle fracture), while growth plate injuries occur in children.

A torn ligament of the ankle usually occurs when the foot is twisted outwards. Doctors describe the accident as "ankle distortion" or "supination trauma". The ligaments can only be "pulled" (ligament stretching) or individual or all three outer ligaments on the ankle can be torn (Partial crack) or tear through completely (Ligament tear / rupture). The onset of ankle pain after ankle twist does not allow any clear conclusions to be drawn about the severity of the injury. A ligament stretch at the ankle can sometimes be more painful than ligament ruptures, since all pain receptors are destroyed when the ligament ruptures and can no longer be painful.

Please also read:

  • Ankle swollen on one side
  • Pain in the lateral heel

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Athletes (joggers, soccer players, etc.) are particularly often affected by diseases of the foot. In some cases, the cause of the foot discomfort cannot be identified at first.
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Especially in sports like Playing football, tennis or volleyball This often results in injuries to the external ligament and thus tears in the ankle. But wearing high-heeled shoes also carries the risk of twisting your foot.

You can find further information under our topic:
Injury in football

Figure torn ligament

Figure torn ligament of the right foot from behind (A) and outside (B)
  1. Front fibula -
    Ankle ligament -
    Lig. Fibulotalare anterius
  2. Fibula-calcaneus
    Tape -
    Calcaneofibular ligament
  3. Posterior fibula
    Ankle ligament -
    Posterior fibulotalar ligament
  4. Heel bone - Calcaneus
  5. Ankle bone - Talus
  6. Outer ankle -
    (= Fibula bone)
    Lateral malleolus
  7. Fibula - Fibula
  8. Shin - Tibia
  9. Cuboid bone -
    Os cuboideum
  10. Scaphoid (of the foot) -
    Navicular bone
  11. Inner ankle -
    (= Shin bone) -
    Medial malleolus

    I - I - Upper ankle
    (Hinge line blue) -
    Articulatio talocruralis
    II - II - Lower ankle
    (Hinge line purple) -

You can find an overview of all Dr-Gumpert images at: medical illustrations

Illustration of the outer ankle with a torn ligament

  1. Ligamentum fibulotalare posterius
  2. Fibulocalcaneare ligament
  3. Ligamentum fibulotalare anterius
  4. Fibula
  5. Shinbone (tibia)
  6. Talus bone
  7. Scaphoid bone (navicular bone)
  8. Sphenoid bone (os cuniforme)
  9. Metatarsal bone
  10. Cuboid bone (Os cuboideum)