Therapy of diseases in the blood
- Diseases in the blood
- Causes of diseases in the blood
The Therapy of Haematological Diseases / Diseases in the blood can be very simple on the one hand, but also very complex on the other. As part of the Iron deficiency anemia For example, iron is substituted to remove the deficiency and thus support the natural formation of hemoglobin.
Also Vitamin deficiency can be reversed with substitution therapy, and thus also reduce anemia. In contrast, there is the therapy of complex haematological diseases such as the leukemia and the lymphomas.
Use of chemotherapy drugs
Both Diseases in the blood come above all Chemotherapy drugs are used, which are often used in the form of very complex schemes that state exactly when and how much of which chemotherapeutic agent should be given. These schemes are scientifically tested in clinical studies and serve to achieve the best possible therapeutic success. Such a therapy scheme consists of a large number of chemotherapeutic agents that have different modes of action and therefore complement one another. This form of chemotherapy is also known as polychemotherapy. Chemotherapeutic drugs are drugs that intervene in natural cell growth and interrupt it in a variety of ways. The aim of chemotherapy is of course to treat cancer / tumor to heal, but primarily to stop it and prevent its growth. The chemotherapy also destroys not only the cancer cells, but also the healthy body tissue causing it to:
- Hair lossDiseases of the gastrointestinal tract (internal medicine)
- Gastrointestinal disorders,
- Kidney damage
- Heart damage
- Liver damage
- and much more can come.
In particular, the Blood formation impaired, leading to global bone marrow insufficiency. This means that the formation of healthy immune cells is also suppressed, which can lead to serious infections. In many cases, this immunosuppression requires supportive support antibiotic therapy to kill possible germs. The therapy of Leukemias can in some cases be supplemented by a bone marrow transplant.
Bone marrow transplant
The Bone marrow transplant is a curative therapeutic approach, the aim of which is to restore normal blood formation. For this, own or third-party donations are used to serve as a transplant. Since leukemia cells are still present in the own transplant, these must first be irradiated or pretreated so that they do not lead to a relapse. In the case of third-party donation, particular care must be taken to ensure that the cell properties of the donor and recipient match closely so that the likelihood of a rejection reaction is minimized.
As part of the lymphoma therapy, in some cases Radiation therapies used around the tumor to further destroy and above all to prevent tumor enlargement. Here one would get combined from one Chemoradiotherapy speak. Usually the Chemotherapy procedure based on a fixed scheme. It usually begins with what is known as induction therapy. Induction therapy is used to destroy tumor cells quickly and effectively. If this was effective, consolidation therapy is continued to prevent tumor recurrence. In some cases the induction therapy has to be repeated several times to achieve the desired effect. The intensity of the chemotherapy can also be varied, although higher concentrations of chemotherapeutic agents are often used here. A recurrence is the recurrence of a tumor. Of the haematologist/oncologist differentiates between different types of recurrence that enable him to observe the tumor progress more closely and, if necessary, to start another chemotherapy in good time. The earlier a relapse is detected, the higher the probability of successfully treating the recurring cancer. All in all, chemotherapy is very stressful for the patient. The Chemotherapy side effects are often very difficult and lead to a severe reduction in the quality of life. It is important that the patient and doctor agree on how to proceed and that a joint decision-making process takes place in the interests of the patient.