Anabolic or anabolic steroids are synthetically produced substances that are related to the male sex hormone testosterone. These substances are mainly taken by strength athletes (including women) and bodybuilders to promote muscle growth and increase the number of oxygen-transporting red blood cells. A prescription for anabolic steroids is carried out from a medical point of view, especially in diseases with a protein deficit. However, due to the many serious side effects, experts strongly advise against improper use of these substances. They are also on the list of illegal substances and substances and are therefore prohibited.
In medicine, anabolic steroids are used to treat diseases in which there is a protein deficiency or protein degradation takes place. They are used, for example, for muscle wasting or after polio. They are also used in the treatment of malignant growths, poorly healing bone fractures and osteoporosis. Anabolic steroids are divided into two subgroups, anabolic androgenic steroids and beta-2 agonists. The anabolic androgenic steroids (also called anabolic steroids) are manufactured artificially and are related to the male hormone testosterone. Testosterone is primarily produced in the testes of men and has two areas of activity, an anabolic and an androgenic effect.
Effect and side effects
The goal of taking anabolic steroids is that anabolic effects similar like with testosterone to use to achieve strength and muscle gains. When ingested they are intramuscular injection and the Absorption through the digestive system most effective. The most famous anabolic steroids are Metenolone and Stanozolol, which prescription only to buy. In contrast, they are no longer for sale Dianabol and Oral Turinabol. The protein-building effect of the anabolic steroids suggests that using them parallel to strength training increases muscle gains enormously. Studies have found that an additional increase in strength can only be achieved when Presence of a testosterone deficit really worth it. This deficit is around Women, adolescents and older adults in front. In healthy men could therapeutically acceptable doses did not result in significant muscle gain cause. Only when the dosage was increased could additional strength increase rates and muscle gains be measured. Here is the Increasing the dose so high, that it no longer medically justifiable is to be administered to an athlete. In addition, these dose increases lead to undesirable and partial dangerous side effects, such as overload damage on Tendon apparatus, Increase from Heart attack risk, Decrease in testosterone production With Testicular reduction and Loss of libido. Liver damage, the Increasing the risk of cancer and Increase in aggressiveness can also occur. The use of anabolic steroids in healthy men can cause a Decrease in self-production of testosterone lead, so that overall power losses are to be expected. Unfortunately, this is also the vicious circle of these substances. You need more and more anabolic steroids to maintain your strength level and make progress. With increasing doses, the likelihood of dangerous side effects increases rapidly.
Abuse and doping control
Anabolic steroids are no longer only used in weight training, but are also used in other disciplines. There have also been cases of doping with anabolic steroids in endurance sports. This knowledge is due to the fact that it is under the Taking anabolic steroids is possible to endure higher training loadsthan without anabolic steroids.
Since 1976 anabolic steroids are available on the internationally recognized Doping list of the International Olympic Committee. Use in training and competition is therefore prohibited. Illegal ingestion of the substances can be caused by a Urine sample controlled and revealed. Even the smallest amounts can lead to an evacuation and result in high fines. Controls can surprise the athlete at any time, both after the competition and unannounced during the training phases. The ban on anabolic steroids in sports is not related to the side effects, but mainly happens from the point of view of sporting fairness and the desired equal opportunities.
Despite the most modern detection methods used everywhere today (Gas chromatography, Liquid chromatography, High resolution mass spectrometry) unfortunately, anabolic steroids and related substances are due to their metabolic behavior can only be detected in the body for days or weeks. This depends on the type of intake and the amount taken. For this reason, it was decided at some point to stop taking doping tests only on the days of the competition. Athletes who only doped during training could no longer be convicted. Unannounced doping tests also in the training phases of the athletes were introduced to prevent doping abuse. But the athletes and the doctors who administered doping drugs also adapted. Artificially produced testosterone was used because it could not be differentiated from the body's own testosterone and was therefore undetectable. But this variant of anabolic steroids doping was also discovered. There is also testosterone in the urine Epitestosteronewhich occur in a ratio of one to one. If an athlete has now doped with artificially produced testosterone, the concentration of testosterone in the urine was higher than that of epitestosterone. This was that proof for doping with kartificial testosterone Template.
The Beta-2 agonists also belong to the anabolic agents (such as Clenbuterol) and are used in medicine, among other things, as a remedy for asthma. After ingestion, beta-2 agonists dilate the bronchi and airways. At high doses, there can be a massive increase in skeletal muscles. This effect was also used by athletes to gain an advantage, so the International Olympic Committee put beta-2 agonists on the list of prohibited substances in 1993.
The group of anabolic steroids are the most widely used doping agents worldwide and are after Estimates of up to 15 million athletes taken. Especially in weight training, the Bodybuilding and in Gym the prohibited substances are now very widespread and are sometimes administered in dangerous doses. In addition, studies have found that Traces of anabolic steroids of up to ten percent already in dietary supplements were found. Therefore, you should inform yourself very carefully before resorting to dietary supplements. The modern body and muscle cult makes a major contribution to the increasing abuse of anabolic steroids. The pursuit of the perfect body leads many young people to try anabolic steroids. But also the one that prevails in today's society Pressure to perform does its part. Young athletes in particular often cannot stop using anabolic steroids. After a short period of consumption, about one psychological addiction arise as they are known from classic drugs. The first ban on anabolic steroids was in 1974 after a method had been developed to detect the breakdown products in the body. The first doping controls were then introduced at the 1976 Olympic Games in Montreal.
Until today I could finally not yet clarified become, whether the negative side effects come from the anabolic steroids themselves or depend on the dosage. In the literature One finds daily dosage recommendations to different disciplines. The goal of weightlifting is to develop good strength and speed. Therefore it is recommended that ten to 100 times the therapeutic amount to administer. Bodybuilding gets the same dosage recommendation when it comes to increasing muscle mass. In the disciplines of athletics (speed and endurance), one to two times the amount of the therapeutic dose is recommended. In order to keep the dosage within limits, this is what Stacking recommended. Stacking describes the Switching between different of the 17 known anabolic substances.
A therapeutic amount is understood to be an amount that is used in medicine to treat diseases. This is also the origin of the anabolic steroids.
- Doping in sport
- Beta blockers
- Blood doping
- Muscle building
- Food supplements
- Drug test