Greek: osteon= Bone and pathos= Suffering, illness
Synonyms: Manual medicine / therapy, manual therapy, chirotherapy, chiropractic

Also read:

  • Osteopathy treatment
  • Parietal osteopathy
  • Visceral osteopathy
  • Craniosacral Therapy


The Osteopathy includes the diagnosis and therapy concept of recoverable functional disorders of the active and passive musculoskeletal system. she is a holistic manual medicinewhere you use your hands to diagnose and treat functional disorders. It comes either alone or as a companion Conventional medicine to use. Osteopathy is an independent treatment method only in the USA.


The Definition of the term osteopathy turns out to be very difficult. (Specialized) doctors, non-medical osteopaths, alternative practitioners, physiotherapists, masseurs, certified sports teachers and other non-medical professions use osteopathy. With so many different names, professions and different doctrines, it's no wonder that confusion quickly reigns. Despite the differences, the main ones are manual techniques identical, but used depending on the requirements. The German orientation of the term osteopathy is based on the results of basic scientific research by anatomy and Neurophysiology. According to intent "Life is movement" According to the opinion, all tissues must be able to move freely, otherwise there will be functional impairments and loss of movement.
The osteopathy in the US-American sense is based on "... a special image of the human being of" osteopathy "with American characteristics ..." (Quote: Scientific evaluation of osteopathic procedures). Also the German Society for Manual Medicine (short: DGMM) distinguishes between effective osteopathic techniques that are neurophysiologically understandable and explanatory approaches that contradict scientific research.

Appointment with Dr. Gumpert?

I would be happy to advise you!

Who am I?
My name is dr. Nicolas Gumpert. I am a specialist in orthopedics and the founder of .
Various television programs and print media report regularly about my work. On HR television you can see me every 6 weeks live on "Hallo Hessen".
But now enough is indicated ;-)

In order to be able to treat successfully in orthopedics, a thorough examination, diagnosis and a medical history are required.
In our very economic world in particular, there is too little time to thoroughly grasp the complex diseases of orthopedics and thus initiate targeted treatment.
I don't want to join the ranks of "quick knife pullers".
The aim of any treatment is treatment without surgery.

Which therapy achieves the best results in the long term can only be determined after looking at all of the information (Examination, X-ray, ultrasound, MRI, etc.) be assessed.

You will find me:

  • Lumedis - orthopedic surgeons
    Kaiserstrasse 14
    60311 Frankfurt am Main

You can make an appointment here.
Unfortunately, it is currently only possible to make an appointment with private health insurers. I hope for your understanding!
For more information about myself, see Lumedis - Orthopedists.


The spiritual father of osteopathy was that American Andrew Taylor Still (1828-1917). He founded on more than 130 years ago June 22, 1874 osteopathy as a new science. He was looking for a new understanding of medicine without it Medication and surgery came out. He himself gave osteopathy as the source of his predominantly anatomical concept God and his own experiences on. In reality he probably knew about the real beginnings in Europe. Here was that "Bone Setting" from 17th century practiced. It was part of surgery and involved setting up bones and joints. Because at that time imaging procedures, as the roentgen were not yet invented, the examiner had to orientate himself on the clinical symptoms and the findings. From this various developed Methods of examination and treatment and the knowledge of the functional anatomy of Bones, ligaments and muscles has been refined.
Especially palpable joint misalignments were Muscle malfunction assigned and treated accordingly. Typical handgrip techniques Spine and joint pain and your Indications, contraindications and some of the risks from that time are still valid today. Still consciously avoided any reference to existing knowledge from European sources in order to "Intellectual independence" of the United States (from Europe, which was still aristocratically dominated at the time) to emphasize.
Of the Scotsman John Martin Littlejohn transferred the concept of Still to physiology and founded 1917 the Britsch School of Osteopathy (BSO) in London. One of Still's students expanded his concept to include the skull. Later this should craniosacral osteopathy become an independent therapy. Today the holistic approach of osteopathy in the USA has been lost or is only recognizable to a limited extent. Only approx. 3-5% of the graduates in osteopathy (Doctor of Osteopathic Medicin; DO.) only use manual techniques.
In Germany, knowledge about osteopathy spread in the 1950s. Through the exchange with American colleagues, the use of the "Manual medicine / therapy" the first time application. Naturopath began to practice what she had learned abroad. The actual spread only began at the end of the 1980s. Osteopathy schools, predominantly from France and Belgium, founded German branches. Until today you can here Physiotherapists, doctors, naturopaths, masseurs and medical lifeguards learn osteopathy. Today such training centers are all privatized.

Areas of osteopathy

As already mentioned, it goes without saying Osteopathy as holistic medicine. Holistic means that you examine and treat the whole organism. Osteopathy is divided into three areas:

  • Parietal osteopathy: includes treatment of the Muscles, joints, ligaments and tendons
  • Visceral osteopathy: to treat the internal organs and their connective tissue structures
  • Cranial (synonym: craniosacral) Osteopathy: includes that central nervous system, brain, Skull, Spinal cord and surrounding structures

Founder of parietal osteopathy was Andrew Taylor Still, the Visceral osteopathy goes on H.V. Hoover or M.D. Young in the 1940s and the craniosacral osteopathy on William Garner Sutherland and John E. Upledger back.
Overall, osteopathy is one in itself coherent medical systemthat applied the principles Anatomy, physiology and pathology follows.


Andrew T. Still looked at the Body as a functional unit. If a disturbance occurs in one area, this affects other areas, such as loss of function and movement. If more and more such loss of movement come together, the healthy organism can no longer compensate for it and it happens first symptoms. These can also occur in completely different parts of the body and seem to be independent of the functional disorders found by the osteopath.
Examples of such symptoms are: Neck-/a headache and Back pain or Tension in movement disorders The spine , heartburn/Bloating at a Restriction of the stomach, Menstrual problems (Menstrual pain)or Constipation with restrictions on the pelvis, dizziness/Tinnitus (tinnitus) if the skull has lost motion, Etc..
Quietly put it four basic assumptions or principles according to which today's osteopathy still judges:

  • Man is one Unit: All parts of the body that Mind and soul are interconnected and interrelated. There is a Life energythat flows through the entire body.
  • Structure and function influence each other: Bad posture, for example, can gradually lead to anatomical changes, Injuries or scars limit the function of tissue.
  • The body can regulate and heal yourself (Self-healing powers):Ideally, all parts of the organism work together in harmony, the immune system fends off disease, injuries heal again and irreparable damage is compensated. In healthy people, all processes are in balance (Homeostasis). If this is disturbed, it can lead to complaints and illnesses.
  • A healthy Blood circulation ensures the function of the body and its tissues. If it is disturbed, damage is possible. Treatments stimulate all blood flow and clear blockages.